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Hypothyroidism Treatment

Hypothyroidism treatment depends on personal case. It is caused due to low thyroid hormones in the bloodstream. This happens because the thyroid glands do not produce sufficient thyroid hormones. It is slowing the metabolism and can lead to various symptoms.

Thyroid gland: hypothyroidism

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism

Symptoms depend on of deficiency severity of thyroid hormones and vary according to a person. Hypothyroidism develop slowly over many years of time.

At the beginning key symptoms of low thyroid functions such as weight gain, fatigue 
 can be experienced.

After some time, gradually the metabolism starts to get low, and the other symptoms can be developed with time.

  • Fatigue
  • Weight gain
  • Increased sensitivity to cold
  • Dry skin
  • Puffy face
  • Weakness in the muscles, muscle ache, tenderness and stiffness
  • Pain, stiffness or swelling in the joints
  • Constipation
  • Hoarseness of voice
  • Thinning of hairs
  • Slow heart rate
  • Elevated levels of blood cholesterol
  • Enlarged thyroid glands (goiter)
  • Irregular or heavy menstrual periods
  • Depression
  • Impaired memory

Who are prone to develop hypothyroidism

  • Woman
  • During pregnancy or 6 month after delivery
  • After 60 years
  • Family history of thyroid disease
  • Suffering from an autoimmune disease such as celiac disease or type 1 diabetes mellitus
  • Undergone thyroid surgery

Home Remedies, lifestyle changes

Home remedies for hypothyroidism

For sure, home remedies are good to maintien and can help the treatment of hypothyroidism but are not enough.

All the home remedies and lifestyle indicated below will help to improve and balance thyroid functions but other rasayana are necessary to treat hypothyroidism.

Diet and Hypothyroidism

Diet :

  • Low in fat
  • A good balance of fruits, vegetables, dairy, whole grains and lean protein.
  • Reduce the amount of carbohydrate in your diet but completely avoiding carbohydrate is not recommended.
  • Reduce the amount of salt intake, ideally less than 2/3 grams per day. Rock salt is a better replacement to table salt, because it is rich in minerals.

Balanced and wholesome diet

Choose food fresh and not preserved, processed or canned.

Eat warm and freshly homemade meals with natural ingredients as much as you can.

Don’t use hydrogenated oils, vegetable oils, artificial colors and flavors or white flour. Instead use sesame oil for cooking, it helps to burn fat and nourishing deeply the tissues

Coconut oil is also good if you leave in a hot climate because coconut is coolant

Eat vegetables, fruits and whole grains.

They reduce effects of hypothyroidism and boost up immunity.

No soy products and soybeans.

They aggravate hypothyroidism symptoms because they contain goitrogenic compounds that interfere with levels of thyroid hormone.

Use essential oils and fatty acids like fish oils which are good sources of omega 3.

They promote production of thyroid hormones, immunity enhancers and also anti-inflammatory.

Use natural fats

They help maintaining hormonal balance : flaxseeds, walnuts, avocado, fish.

Avoid caffeine, sugar and starchy foods.

Starchy foods reduce metabolism and increase adverse effects of hypothyroidism.

Increase protein in your meal.

Proteins reduce production of thyroid hormones by regulating the thyroid functions. For that nuts, green vegetables, legumes, eggs and meat are rich in protein and help in combating hypothyroidism symptoms.

Consume food with selenium: eggs, legumes, tuna, turkey. Because selenium in the body is reduced in Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. Selenium supplements shows it role to balance thyroxine (T4) levels.

Forget sugar and processed foods. As already mentioned in many of my articles, it increase inflammation in the body and slows down the conversion of T4 into T3. Then it is wise to have a sugar free diet.

Avoid gluten because many people with thyroid disease also have celiac disease. In celiac disease gluten triggers an immune response in the small intestines. Once wheat and other gluten rich foods are removed from the diet, people with hypothyroidism and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis start feeling better.

Gluten free grains and seeds – rice, flax seeds, chia seeds, buckwheat etc

Also, a low activity of thyroid can be due to low iodine in your diet. Have more of seafood, seaweeds, egg, shrimp, cheese and don’t use artificial iodine, always choose natural salt.

You can also include probiotics.

They can improve metabolism and the digestion. A bad digestion and low levels of good bacterias can reduce thyroid hormone production. Have more of buttermilk, yogurt, fermented vegetable pickles, kefir, saurekraut, miso.

An altered gastrointestinal motility is commonly seen with hypothyroidism and can cause diarrhea. Probiotics can bring helpful bacteria to balance the microbiote.

Use apple cider vinegar useful to reduce body weight, improve fat and carbohydrate metabolism and to balance alkaline-acid balance in the body. Apple cider also balance cholesterol, blood sugar and blood pressure. You can take 1 teaspoonful of apple cider vinegar and honey mixed in warm water will help in improving thyroid activity and control symptoms of hypothyroidism when consumed.

Regular exercise

Through a 30-minute exercise few thyroid-related symptoms like fatigue, loss of appetite and osteoporosis can be fought.

A level of high estrogen can cause hypothyroidism in women. Birth control pills, dairy products and consumption of large amount of meat may imbalance estrogen levels and deplete thyroid hormone production. These foods shall be avoided to maintain balance of thyroid hormones in the body.

Low thyroid hormones can affect absorption of vitamin B especially B-12 and B1 levels.

Vitamin B12 is helpful to prevent the tiredness related to thyroid disease.

To increase these vitamins you can add regularly in your diet : peas, beans, sesame seeds, cheese, eggs, asparagus.

Zinc regulate TSH as per some studies. Hypothyroidism patients should consume zinc rich foods: beans, nuts, crab, lobster, whole grains, breakfast cereals, and dairy products, avocados, blackberries, pomegranates, raspberries, guavas, cantaloupes, apricots, peaches, kiwifruit, and blueberries. 

Diet is one of the most important thing but it will not cure hypothyroidism.

A combination of right nutrients and medication can help to restore thyroid function and minimize your symptoms.

Foods to avoid

There are foods that it is better to avoid in case of hypothyroidism

We call that food goitrogens because it can interfere with normal function of thyroid gland.

I will give you some common examples.

Avoid regularly:

  • vegetables like cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, kale, spinach.
  • Fruits and starchy plants like sweet potatoes, manioc, strawberries, peaches 

  • Nuts and seeds:  millet, pine nuts, peanuts etc
  • Soy foods, tofu, tempeh etc
  • offee, green tea, alcohol

Foods that contain goitrogens have to be eaten with moderation and ideally cooked because they are rich in calories and with hypothyroidism you may easily gain weight.

Also, too much fiber can interfere with absorption of thyroid medicine.

25 grams and 38 grams respectively are the recommended doses of fiber for women and men respectively.  But don’t stop entirely their consumption, it is found in healthy foods like fruits, vegetables, beans and whole grain breads and cereals.

Iron and calcium. Foods containing iron and calcium are safe to eat but using them with food not in supplement because these minerals interfere with absorption of thyroid hormone medicine. Talk with your doctor if it is the case.

Hypothyroidism, gain weight and depression

The lack of Vitamin B 12 and Vitamin D is found in cases of autoimmune hypothyroidism.

Missing Vitamin D is directly linked with depression. Because of lake of sun exposure and long winters. Levels has to be checked.

Obesity management

Metabolism is slow in hypothyroidism and lead to gain weight. Keep a track on you weight and keep balance.

You can use of Triphala Churna, and other gulgulu based medication that can be useful to address obesity and also help with depression indirectly.

Exercising every day is also indicated. No need to do long work out, 20 to 30 minutes of effcicient exercizes are enough.

Who suffer from hypothyroidism sleep less and so can increase stress, anxiety and depression. Herbs are very useful and can be prescribed like Ashwagandha, Sarpagandha, Brahmi, Tagara etc.

Plan your meal and eat with mindfulness, how fast you eat, where you eat


Try to sleep for at least 7-8 hours every night. When you sleep less you are likely to gain fat, mainly around the belly

Practice Yoga and Meditation. Research works show that Yoga and meditation are helpful in maintaining healthy weight. Therefore, they need to be practiced regularly to be efficient and with expericend yoga teacher to show you how to practice efficiently.

This is only an approach above. There are many ways to handle hypothyroidism, depends on your life history, the symptoms you feel, the level of your thyroid hormones… That is why it is important to check with your doctor all these recommendations which cannot be perfect for your condition but for another one.

Important Yoga postures for Hypothyroidism

Below mentioned are some of the most beneficial yoga postures for those suffering from hypothyroidism

Sarvangasana (Shoulder Stand)

Sarvangasana pose

This inversion helps balance the entire body and mind, from circulatory, respiratory system to endocrine and nervous system. It stimulates thyroid glands, boost immune system and helps calm the mind and relieves emotional and mental stress.

Begin by lying flat on your back. Relax your body. You can place a blanket under the shoulders for cushioning. Slowly begin to raise the legs off the mat, followed by buttocks and spine. Bend the elbows and place the hands behind the rib cage to support your spine.

In the final position, the legs are vertical and together and the arms continue to provide stability.

Viparita Karani Asana (Inverted Pose)

viparita karani

This asana has similar benefits as Sarvangasana as it increases blood flow to the neck region and helps in regulating thyroid glands and balance functions of other endocrine glands. All inversions help release gravitational weight from all organs. This asana helps ease complications caused by hypoactive thyroid.

Begin by lying flat on your back. Raise your legs up till they are perpendicular to the floor. Now gently lift your hips and place your palms under your lower back (waist level). With the support of your palms, and elbows pressed to the floor- working as prop, keep lifting your torso till it is around 45 degrees to the floor.

In the final position, the legs are at 90 degrees to the floor and the body is maintained at a 45 degree angle. Alternatively, you can use a yoga block to support your lower back.

Janu Sirsasana (Seated Head to Knee Pose)  

This forward bend helps calm the nervous system, reduce stress and anxiety as it helps increase flexibility in hip joints and give a deep stretch to hamstring muscles. It is also helpful for those suffering from insomnia.

Sit with legs extended and feet together. Bend the left leg and place sole of the foot against right inner thigh. The closer the left heel to the perineum the better. Inhale and place hands on the right knee. Exhale and slowly begin to bend forward, sliding the hands down the right leg. If possible, grab your right foot or toes.

Stay in the forward bend for a few exhalations. Repeat with the right leg bent and left leg straight.

Matsyasana (Fish Pose)

Matsyasana

It is usually performed as a counter pose to inversions like Sarvangasana, Halasana or Viparita Karani asana as it provides a reverse stretch to the neck.This pose not only exposes the throat area and stimulates the thorax, but also stimulates the spine, cervical muscles and expands rib cage and lung capacity.

To begin, lie in supine with your hands resting next to the body. If you can, fold your legs in Padmasana, if not keep your legs straight on the floor. Bend your hands and with the help of your forearms on the floor, lift your back, chest, neck and head off the mat. Bring the top of your head / crown to rest on the mat, giving your neck a deep stretch. If holding padmasana, wrap your fingers around the big toe and try and rest your elbow on the mat, next to your body.

Stay in this posture for a few deep breaths. You can also attempt this pose from a seated Padmasana position and let the elbows support you as you gently drop your head back to rest the crown on the mat. You can use a headstand pillow as a prop for cushioning.

Do not do if any neck pain or back pain. Use can use props and put them on the floor to maintain your head straight and behind your back to maintain the posture, avoid any over strains and injuries in the body. Best is to practice with a yoga teacher.

Halasana (Plough Pose)

You may find it easier to hold a Halasana when compared to Sarvangasana. It helps improve function of thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal and pituitary glands, thus improving overall function of endocrine system. It helps reduce menopause symptoms, stimulates reproductive organs and is therapeutic for insomnia, infertility, backache and headache.

From Sarvangasana, drop your legs back, behind the head. Allow the toes to touch the floor and slowly straighten your knees to increase the distance between the head and toes. This will help you achieve a chin lock or Jalandhara bandha which is highly beneficial for thyroid function. The hands can continue to support the back. If comfortable, you can extend the hands, place them on the floor and interlace your fingers.

In the final pose the body resembles the plough. Thus the name Halasana. Stay in the pose for few breaths and return to Sarvangasana before releasing the posture completely and rest in supine.

Marjariasana (Cat-Cow Stretch)

Bitilasana Marjaryasana

This vinyasa like flow for the back and neck helps release stress and improves body coordination. It is a combination of two asanas, Marjariasana (cat stretch) and Bitilasana (cow stretch) done with breath awareness to increase emotional balance. This pose helps stimulate abdominal region and organs like kidney and adrenal glands. It involves neck movement, which also works on the throat chakra.

Begin in table pose by placing your palms and knees on the floor. You can either place your insteps (flat) on the mat for stability through the practice or shift to balance on toes in cow stretch. First maintain a neutral spine and look straight. With the next inhalation, arch your back, allowing your belly button to sink closer to the floor and stretch your neck/head upward. As you exhale, drop your head and bring your chin closer to the chest as you simultaneously lift and round your spine outward and draw your navel towards your spine.

Repeat this fluid movement with breath awareness without using force to stretch the neck or forcing your chin to the chest.  Keep your head and shoulders relaxed and let the movement be as natural as possible.

Surya Namaskar or Sun Salutation (fast-paced)

It is a popular sequence of yoga asanas done with breath awareness. It is a complete sadhna or yoga practice in itself and includes asana, pranayama, mantra and meditation techniques. 1 set comprises of 12 asanas. 1 cycle of sun salutation comprises of 2 such sets done for the right and left side.

Repeating these cycles help you lead an active and healthy life as it regulates and balances the solar energy of the body which flows through pingala nadi. It is performed in a steady rhythmic way which also reflects the biorhythms of the body, 24 hours of the day, and the 12 zodiac signs and this rhythmic process helps transform your mind and body completely.

You will experience a boost in immune system, improved digestion, increase in your lung capacity, and a balanced metabolism, reproductive and circulatory system. Regular practice helps in naturally balancing endocrine system and restoring hormonal balance, giving you a glowing skin, healthy bones, and a great mood to kick-start your day with positive energy.

Pranayama and Hypothyroidism

Apart from yoga asana, the practice of dynamic breathing exercises like Kapalbhati, Ujjayi Pranayama, Bhastrika and Nadi Shodhana Pranayama will help restore balance and regulate thyroid glands.

Ayurveda Understanding

No disease explained in Ayurveda can be directly correlated with hypothyroidism.

Hypothyroidism should be understood on the basis of vitiation of doshas, tissues and channels involved in pathogenesis of the disease and also its predominant symptoms as understood from Ayurveda perspective.

Agnimandya

« What we eat affects our emotions and can create a predisposition for psychological and physical disorders. Just wrong emotion can upset our digestion, so wrong digestion can upset our emotions” Sarah R Gray

As Master Vagbhata has said: Almost all the diseases are caused due to mandagni means low digestive fire, especially the abdominal diseases.

Mandagni also denotes weaker metabolism.

Hypothyroidism is also related to low metabolism, in fact a cause of it. It is a resultant of Hypothyroidism. Treating weak digestive fire in hypothyroidism and kindling the same might catch the disease by its horns. This will also disable the continuation of pathogenesis and worsening the symptoms of the disease. Balanced digestive capacity also means proper digestion, conversion, distribution and utilization of food and nutrients. This also reflects proper conversion of food into energy, the channels of nutrition getting open and clear as an impact of digestive and tissue fires and eventual nourishment of the tissues.

Dosha predominance

Symptoms of HypothyroidismDosha predominance
FatigueVata, Kapha
Weight gainKapha
Increased cold sensitivityKapha, Vata
Dry skinVata
Puffiness of the faceKapha, Vata
Weakness in the muscles, muscle ache, tenderness, stiffnessVata, Kapha
Pain, stiffness or swelling in the jointsKapha, Vata
ConstipationVata, Kapha
Hoarseness of the voiceVata
Thinning of hairsVata
Slow heart rateKapha
Elevated blood cholesterol levelsKapha
Enlarged thyroid glands (goiter)Kapha, Vata
Irregular / heavy menstrual periodsVata, Kapha
DepressionKapha
Impaired memoryKapha, Vata
Doshas predominance in Hypothtyroidism

How ayurveda treatment hypothyroidism

The aggravated vata subtype which is enveloping the other vata subtype should be addressed first.

Vata and its subtypes causing obstruction is said to be associated with ama and have to be treated first.

The goal is to destroy ama including fasting, sudation, medicines, gruels and food light to digest with ama digesting herbs.

Following this, we have to strengthen the weak samana vata. This includes administration of medicines to kindle the digestive fire, emesis (procedure indicated for the expulsion of Kapha Dosha), light diet and use of Rasayanas formulations (herbs coumpounds ) to rejuvenate the tissus.

Ama dissolving medicines and foods should also be given.

Depending of Kapha doshas conditions, kapha alleviating herbs, diet, emesis and purgation therapies to expel excessive kapha can be administered.

Other strategies of treatment exists.

References

Mindfulness, Eating Behaviours, and Obesity: A Review and Reflection on Current Findings

The impact of yoga upon female patients suffering from hypothyroidism

Effect of 6 months intense Yoga practice on lipid profile, thyroxine medication and serum TSH level in women suffering from hypothyroidism

Integrated Yoga and Naturopathy module in management of Metabolic Syndrome

Sleep Duration and Five-Year Abdominal Fat Accumulation

How to control anger?

Anger and consequences…

How to control anger and have a calm mind… it is the dream of everyone…

Anger is a part of normal healthy emotion but its manifestation and quantity need to be controlled.

As per Ayurveda describes this anger depends on:

Body type of the person

A Pitta body type person gets angry very quickly more than the other body constitution.

Pitta constitution is made of fire and water elements and anger is fire element.

A Vata body type person can get angry quickly (because one of Vata gunas is fastness) but he also calms down very fast because coolness is also a Vata quality.

A Kapha person gets anger very slowly because of Kapha guna but will not react immediately and may plan for a well-executed.

Ayurveda mentioned that anger produces disease such as:

  • high blood pressure
  • schizophrenia,
  • maniac disorders or people with lot of stress
  • depression
  • anxiety
  • body inflammation [musculo skeletal diseases
]
  • inside burning
  • and long term manifestations

Diet to control anger

Diet has to be balanced to avoid production of anger. Excess of non veg, excess of spicy foods, drugs abuse and excess of alcohol are part of rajasic foods and consuming these items out of balance lead to angriness.

Here some advices for Pitta lifestyle and diet

Our period of time also contributes to get more or less angry: teenagers and elderly get angry more easily.

When we feel weak or tired we have more issues to control our emotion, angriness can come quickly in such condition.

Some medicines, in case of wrong dosage, can also lead to manic depressive psychosis or depression medicines and increase anger.

Dosha implication

Pitta gets aggravated by anger and much more if hidden inwards.

Anger-control has to be a part of effective personality management. It needs a constant practice followed by application.

Express your anger with control and intelligence

Remember that you are larger and important than your emotions.

If you rule your emotions, you live healthy. If your emotions rule you then your lifespan would be shorten and end in premature way. You have to choose !!

Medicine or therapy are essential to learn how to relieve stress or soothe the mind. Senses eradicates many physical ailments and this to avoid to throw your venom and hurt others.

The real thing is by getting angry over a person or situation you show how weak you are. You also allow the other person and situations to rule you. If you remember that you are susceptible to be conquered by someone else’s anger, you will learn to sense it even before it has shown its early signs within you.

Controlling anger is a art but also a respect of yourself and others. You can convert it in positive energy.

“Speak when you are angry and you’ll make the best speech you’ll ever regret” Laurence J. Peter

You could also have avoided the damages incurred on your beautiful system as an effective of unmonitored anger, thereby keeping inflammation and arthritis at bay.

A long-standing angriness habit is dangerous.

Anger is thus constructive as well as destructive. It depends on what type of anger we are.

The extent of damage we undergo due to anger and the quality and quantity of inflammatory changes and diseases which get manifested due to anger depends on our choice of fight or flight response and how frequently we do it.

“You will not be punished for your anger, you will be punished by your anger” – Buddha

Types of anger

Pitta is mainly composed by fire element

There are 3 types of anger:

  • Aggressive anger because we can feel ashamed or are neglected
  • Defensive anger to fight or over reacting to defend ourself or to hide mistake
  • Frustrated anger developed with time. The person over a period of time may develop ideas or concepts out of reality

Most of the systemic diseases of the modern day are psycho-somatic in nature. We hardly find a sole physical disorder or a sole mental disorder. Body and mind are 2 sides of the same coin. A problem at the physical level might at a later time reflect on the mind and vice versa.

Anger is one of the most encountered emotions which has a serious destructive impact at a psycho-somatic level and is also a trigger for many health issues especially those of an inflammatory origin.

What are Pitta functions in the body?

Pitta is responsible for central and cellular metabolism

If pitta is balanced, these processes goes well smoothly and we are healthy.

An increased or decreased of Pitta can disrupt the heat regulation in the body and lead to depletion of tissues or blockages in the cells and body channels.

If the body is inefficient to throw the excess heat out, the heat stay inwards. Then the heat damages the body tissues and cause inflammation. When this inflammation intensifies, arthritis and other inflammatory diseases can manifest.

Other factors aggravate Pitta but Krodha [anger] is the main one.

Anger is the emotion which is a part of us and is expressed very often in varied proportions. Whenever anger occurs, Pitta is disturbed.

And if the anger become an habit, aches stay within us and give a permanent fuel for vitiation of Pitta.

The increased pitta creates an inflammatory background in the tissues and leads to inflammatory diseases:  arthritis is one.

An increased pitta and anger leads to a cyclic pattern: the inflammatory reactions in the body which is getting worst as it become a chronic pattern with time.

So you have understand, but i repeat again: if we don’t control Pitta and anger at right time, it causes damages to the body cells and organs.

Anger is one of the most common human emotions.

If you are Pitta constitution, you will always have fire in you, it is a part of you. It’s like the fire is always there ready to burn more. Pitta is always seated on coals.

It can vary in proportions to person and in given situations.

We need fire to burn our foods, our emotions but it increased to different levels of manifestation and existence.

The fuels are available in and around us: at work, in family, with friends, with life situations we live which can be stressful. We have also to face a certain competition and lot more in today society.

For Pitta people a small amount of these is enough for the anger to take a big shape and for other it will take more time to provoke that anger to set in. Some people explodes and some bury anger deep within.

We boil at different degrees

Anybody can become angry that is easy, but to be angry with the right person and to the right degree and at the right time and for the right purpose, and in the right way – that is not within everybody’s power and is not easy” – Aristotle

Anger is Dharaneeya Vega

Dharaneeya Vega means forcibly withholding the urges which are initiated by the body.

So anger or krodha should be checked from sprouting to the surface as and when it shows its signs within us.

The one who is controlling is anger is managing is mind very well. It is avoiding conflicting, to put more fire on the gas and finally a proof of intelligence to solve differently the tensions or conflicts.

This is also better for health because anger is a form of heat and we don’t want to get combust!

Studies and researches showeds that anger has bad effects on homeostasis and health in general. It needs to be controlled within us and to throw it out in reasonable way to do not hurt others and self. This is the principle of Ahimsa in Yoga.

For example inflammatory reaction can occurred in the joints and soft tissues of musculo skeletal system and causes arthritis and other inflammatory origin musculo skeletal diseases [rheumatoid arthritis, tendinitis, carpal tunnel syndrome, osteoarthritis, fibromyalgia, bone fractures
]

Ayurveda said that controlling anger is better than inversely. It is not because one time you could not control it that it will induce right away diseases. It is the amount of non-control anger day by day which will produce imbalances and with time diseases.

Anger is a negative emotion in many instances and has very important impact in our organs and mind…

Ayurvedic and yogic methods: how to control anger 

Change your habits. angryness produce inflammation in the body

It might temporally drive us to do something energetically but on the other way it also compels us to commit bad words, bad behaviors, or violence in front of others.

By learning to control krodha (anger) we avoid the pitta explosion and so avoid many inflammatory processes and diseases in the body.

How we can control anger?

Be conscious of it and act to know how to control your anger

Practice Yoga, yoga philosophy and pranayama [Learn about a simple Pranayama technique here] to think better and clearly, linked your body and your mind and relief your frustration. Do practices to pacify Pitta.

Have a anti-pitta diet [Learn more: How to balance Pitta]

Taking foods having sweet, bitter and astringent tastes, seasonal fruits not having sour taste, cold foods and comforts etc which are antagonistic to Pitta

Ayurvedic Pitta relieving treatments

  • Abhyanga (massage with herbal oils)
  • Virechana (therapeutic purgation),
  • Sarvanga dhara (stream pouring of medicated liquids like oils, milk etc over the body), Shirodhara (stream pouring of herbal oils over the head),
  • Shirovasti (oil pooling over the head),
  • Tikta vasti (enemas prepared out of medicines having bitter tastes),
  • Ksheera Vasti (enemas prepared with medicines alleviating pitta processed and prepared in milk) …

Pitta lifestyle to control anger:

  • Have a good sleep, minimun 7 hours per night, to regenerate & digest all emotions or frustration accumulated during the day.
  • Practice gratitude and happiness
  • Identify the causes of your anger
  • Ignore the causes or the triggers lead to body pain.
  • Go away from augmenting with people & situations as much as possible.
  • Convert anger : anger is an energy which will either hurt us or the other person. The better way is to throw off the fire of anger by transforming it into another form of positive or constructive energy. Get into activities like gardening, house cleaning etc.
  • Forgive and Forget : it is difficult but with time & conscious we can do it easily, it is highly effective.
  • Change your body-mind attitude
  • Change your habits when anger strikes you. Practice sports, yoga, mindfullness, walking into fresh air
 Yoga is highly effective for emotions acceptance, transcending them and win over anger
  • Surrounding you with positive people
  • Think spiritual: going to temples, reading books or do spiritual practices: yoga nidra, restorative yoga 
 pranayama and meditation.
  • Have fun
  • Take a break: breaks are essential to keep our nerves relaxed, go for a weekend, meet friends, or share love time with family.
  • Practice your favorite hobby
  • Dancing classes, painting, writing articles or stories

  • Join a Yoga class
  • Meditate:  You can meditate in many ways, chanting hymns, counting the beads, focussing on a point or material as a target

  • Breathing exercises: Inhale to your tummy to a count of four, slowly exhale through your mouth to a similar count. Do this 10-15 times. You can do it 3-4 times a day. Gradually work on increasing the count of inspiration and expiration. Learn about a simple Pranayama technique
  • Eat healthy – Lot of vegetables and fruits and a balanced diet will help

Other tips to control anger

  • Remember : ‘The other person is not bad, he or she is different’. Someone looks bad because we want that person to be like we want him or her to be. Learn to give space to everyone and enjoy your space.
  • Re-search happiness: happiness and happy moments are antagonistic to anger. Swear to keep yourself happy. Try finding all possible ways and methods of keeping yourself happy.
  • Write a diary: write a diary and keep account of how many or how less situations you are encountering on a daily basis where you are getting into the anger web. Also analyse if your anger was reasonable. Think if there were any other options of avoiding confronting the anger. Analyse the causes and triggers and see if you are going to them or they are coming to you.

See if minor things are disturbing you and not essentially a big stressor or anger-trigger that is making you angry. In such cases you are only habituated to anger. See how many things and situations were under your control and how many were out of your reach. All these things will help you to get better and win over your nerves. Try to work and better the conditions and also maintain a follow up record.

  • Ask for help or counselling sessions. Don’t back out from consulting experts and from taking counselling. There are people who can help you out of your anger.

Ayurvedic medicines, herbs and methods

Learn pranayama and yoga to transcend your emotions and control anger

Ayurvedic herbs useful to control anger:

  • Brahmi – Bacopa monnieri
  • Mandookaparni
  • KolaShankhapushpi
  • Raisins

Sciences has now proven since many years how much emotions are related to diseases. You cannot say now you don;t know. If you want to improve your patterns, live peaceful as much as possible, many tools you can try. Yoga and Pranayama, and sadhana are great tools to start your journey for a better and healthy self.

If you want to go deeper and need to learn how to practice to control your anger, book a free call with me.

References 

Blog: Yoga and lifestyle medicine

Anger Disorders May Be Linked to Inflammation

Markers of inflammation in blood linked to aggressive behaviors

Inflammation: The Common Pathway of Stress-Related Diseases

Inflammation-driven brain and gut barrier dysfunction in stress and mood disorders

The Role of Inflammation in Mood and Anxiety-related Disorders

 

What is Pranayama breathing?

Pranayama breathing is generally defined as breath control. Although this interpretation may seem correct in view of the practices involved, it does not convey the full meaning of the term.

Learn pranayama to improve your health and skills

The word pranayama is comprised of two roots: ‘prana’ plus ‘ayama‘.

Prana means ‘vital energy’ or ‘life force’. It is the force which exists in all things, whether animate or inanimate.

Although closely related to the air we breathe, it is more subtle than air or oxygen.

Therefore, pranayama should not be considered only as breathing exercises aimed at introducing extra oxygen into the lungs. Pranayama uses breathing to influence the flow of prana in the nadis or energy channels of the pranamaya koshas or energy body.

The word yama means ‘control’ and is used to denote various rules or codes of conduct.

However, this is not the word which is joined to prana to form pranayama; the correct word is ‘ayama’ which has far more implications.

Ayama is defined as ‘extension’ or ‘expansion’. Thus, the word pranayama means ‘extension or expansion of the dimension of prana’ .

The techniques of pranayama provide the method whereby the life force can be activated and regulated in order to go beyond one’s normal boundaries or limitations and attain a higher state of vibratory energy and awareness.

Four aspects of pranayama

In the pranayama practices there are for important aspects of breathing which are used.

These are:

1 . Pooraka or inhalation

2. Rechaka or exhalation

3 . Antar kumbhaka or internal breath retention

4. Bahir kumbhaka or external breath retention.

The different practices of pranayana involve various techniques which use these four aspects of breathing.

There is another mode of pranayama, which is called kevala kumbhaka or spontaneous breath retention. This is an advanced stage of pranayama which occurs during high states of meditation.

During this state, the fluctuation of prana ceases. At this time, the veil which prevents one from seeing the subtle aspect of existence is lifted and a higher vision of reality is attained.

The most important part of pranayama is actually kumbhaka or breath retention. However, in order to perform kumbhaka successfully, there must be a gradual development of control over the function of respiration.

Therefore, in the pranayama practices more emphasis is given to inhalation and exhalation at the beginning, in order to strengthen the lungs and balance the nervous and pranic systems in preparation for the practice of kumbhaka. These initial practices influence the flow of prana in the nadis, purifying, regulating and activating them, thereby inducing physical and mental stability.

The pranic body

The five bodies

Five koshas

According to yogic physiology, the human framework is comprised of five bodies or sheaths, which account for the different aspects or dimensions of human existence. These five sheaths are known as:

1. Annamaya kosha, the food or material body

2. Manomaya kosha, the mental body

3. Pranamaya kosha, the bioplasmic or vital energy body

4. Vijnanamaya kosha, the psychic or higher mental body

5. Anandamaya kosha, the transcendental or bliss body.

Although these five sheaths function together to form an integral whole.

The practices of pranayama work mainly with pranamaya kosha.

Pranamaya kosha is made up of five major pranas, which are collectively known as the pancha, or five pranas: prana, apana, samana, udana and vyana.

The pranas

The pranic body

Prana does not refer to cosmic prana, but rather to just one flow of energy, governing the thoracic area between the larynx and the top of the diaphragm. It is associated with the heart and organs of respiration together with the muscles and nerves that activate them. It is the force by which the breath is drawn inside.

Apana governs the abdomen, below the navel region, and provides energy for the large intestine, kidneys, anus and genitals. It is concerned with the expulsion of waste from the body and is the force which expels the breath.

Samana is located between the heart and the navel. It activates and controls the digestive system: the liver, intestines, pancreas and stomach, and their secretions. Samana is responsible for transformation. On a physical level this relates to the assimilation and distribution of nutrients. On an evolutionary level it relates to kundalini and expansion of consciousness.

Udana governs the neck and head, activating all the sensory receptors such as the eyes, tongue, nose and ears. U dana also harmonizes and activates the limbs and all their associated muscles, ligaments, nerves and joints. It is responsible for the erect posture of the body, sensory awareness, and the ability to respond to the outside world.

Vyana pervades the whole body, regulating and controlling all movement, and coordinating the other pranas. It acts as the reserve force for the other pranas.

Along with these five major pranas there are five minor pranas known as the upa-pranas : naga, koorma, krikara, devadatta and dhananjaya.

Naga is responsible for belching and hiccups.

Koorma opens the eyes and stimulates blinking.

Krikara generates hunger, thirst, sneezing and coughing.

Devadatta induces sleep, yawning.

Dhananjaya lingers after death and upon its departure, decay and decomposition of the body begins to happen.

Prana and lifestyle

Lifestyle has a profound impact on the pranamaya kosha and its pranas.

Physical activities such as exercise, work, sleep, intake of food and sexual relations all affect the distribution and flow of prana in the body.

Faculties of the mind such as emotion, thought, imagination affect the pranic body even more.

Irregularities in lifestyle, dietary indiscretions and stress deplete and obstruct the pranic flow. This results in what people experience as being “drained of energy”.

Depletion of energy in a particular prana leads to the devitalization of the organs and limbs it governs and ultimately to disease or metabolic dysfunction. The techniques of pranayama reverse this process, energizing and balancing the different pranas within pranamaya kosha .

Pranayama practices should be performed after asanas in an integrated yoga program.

Breath, health and pranayama

Practice of nadi shodhana pranayama

The breath is the most vital process of the body. It influences the activities of each and every cell and, most importantly, is intimately linked with the performance of the brain. Human beings breathe about 15 times per minute and 21600 times per day.

Respiration fuels the burning of oxygen and glucose, producing energy to power every muscular contraction, glandular secretion and mental process. The breath is intimately linked to all aspects of human experience.

Most people breathe incorrectly, using only a small part of their lung capacity. The breathing is then generally shallow, depriving the body of oxygen and prana essential to its good health.

The first five practices given in this section are preparatory techniques which introduce correct breathing habits. In addition, they help focus the awareness on the breathing process, which is otherwise normally ignored.

Practitioners develop sensitivity to the respiratory process and retrain the muscles of the pulmonary cavity, enhancing their vital capacity and preparing them for pranayama.

Rhythmic, deep and slow respiration stimulates and is stimulated by calm, content, states of mind.

Irregular breathing disrupts the rhythms of the brain and leads to physical, emotional and mental blocks. These, in turn, lead to inner conflict, an unbalanced personality, a disordered lifestyle and disease.

Pranayama establishes regular breathing patterns, breaking this negative cycle and reversing the debilitating process. It does so by giving us control of the breath and reestablishing the natural, relaxed rhythms of the body and mind.

Although breathing is mainly an unconscious process, conscious control of it may be taken at any time. Consequently, it forms a bridge between the conscious and unconscious areas of the mind. Through the practice of pranayama, the energy trapped in neurotic, unconscious mental patterns may be released for use in more creative and joyful activity.

Breathing and life span

In addition to influencing the quality of life, the length or quantity of life is also dictated by the rhythm of the respiration.

The ancient yogis and rishis studied nature in great detail. They noticed that animals with a slow breath rate such as pythons, elephants and tortoises have long life spans, whereas those with a fast breathing rate such as birds, dogs and rabbits live for only a few years.

From this observation they realized the importance of slow breathing for increasing the human lifespan. Those who breathe in short, quick gasps are likely to have a shorter life span than those who breathe slowly and deeply. On the physical level, this is because the respiration is directly related to the heart.

A slow breathing rate keeps the heart stronger and better nourished and contributes to a longer life. Deep breathing also increases the absorption of energy by pranamaya kosha, enhancing dynamisn1, vitality and general well-being.

Pranayama and the spiritual aspirant

Bhramari pranayama

Pranayama practices establish a healthy body by removing blockages in the pranamaya kosha, enabling increased absorption and retention of prana.

The spiritual seeker requires tranquillity of mind as an essential prelude to spiritual practice.

To this end, many pranayanma techniques use kumbhaka, breath retention, to establish control over the flow of prana, calming the mind and controlling the thought process. Once the mind has been stilled and prana flows freely in the nadis and  chakras, the doorway to the evolution of consciousness opens, leading the aspirant into higher dimensions of spiritual experience.

In The Science of Pranayama, Swami Sivananda writes, “There is an intimate connection between the breath, nerve currents and control of the inner prana or vital forces. Prana becomes visible on the physical plane as motion and action, and on the mental plane as thought.

Pranayama is the means by which a yogi tries to realize within his individual body the whole cosmic nature, and attempts to attain perfection by attaining all the powers of the universe.”

General notes for the practitioner

In the traditional texts, there are innumerable rules and regulations pertaining to pranayama. The main points are to exercise moderation, balance and common sense with regard to inner and outer thinking and living. However, for those who seriously wish to take up the advanced practices of pranayama, the guidance of a guru or competent teacher is essential.

Contra-indications:

Pranayama should not be practiced during illness, although simple techniques such as breath awareness and abdominal breathing in shavasana may be performed. Carefully observe the contra-indications given for individual practices.

Time of practice:

The best time to practise pranayama is at dawn, when the body is fresh and the mind has very few impressions. If this is not possible, another good time is just after sunset.

Tranquillizing pranayamas may be performed before sleep. Try to practise regularly at the same time and place each day. Regularity in practice increases strength and willpower as well as acclimatizing the body and mind to the increased prank force. Do not be in a hurry, be slow and steady

Progression is essential.

Pranayama’s course

Bathing:

Take a bath or shower before commencing the practice, or at least wash the hands, face and feet. Do not take a bath for at least half an hour after the practice to allow the body temperature to normalize.

Clothes: Loose, comfortable clothing made of natural fibres should be worn during the practice. The body may be covered with a sheet or blanket when it is cold or to keep insects away.

Empty stomach: Practise before eating in the morning or wait at least three to four hours after meals before starting pranayama. Food in the stomach places pressure on the diaphragm and lungs, making full, deep respiration difficult.

Diet: A balanced diet of protein, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins and minerals is suitable for most pranayama practices. A combination of grains, pulses, fresh fruit and vegetables, with some milk products if necessary; is recommended. When commencing pranayama practice, constipation and a reduction in the quantity of urine may be experienced.

In the case of dry motions, stop taking salt and spices, and drink plenty of water. In the case of loose motions, stop the practices for a few days and go on a diet of rice and curd or yoghurt.

The more advanced stages of pranayama require a change in diet and a teacher should be consulted for guidance on this.

Place of practice:

Practice in a quiet, clean and pleasant room, which is well ventilated but not draughty. Generally, avoid practising in direct sunlight as the body will become over-heated, except at dawn when the soft rays of the early morning sun are beneficial. Practising in a draught or wind, in air-conditioning or under a fan may upset the body temperature and cause chills.

Breathing: Always breathe through the nose and not the mouth unless specifically instructed otherwise. Both nostrils must be clear and flowing freely. Mucous blockages may be removed through the practice of neti or kapalbhati. If the flow of breath in the nostrils is unequal, it may be balanced by practising padadhirasana as a breath balancing technique.

Sequence:

Pranayama should be performed after shatkarmas and asanas, and before meditation practice. Nadi shodhana pranayama should be practised in each pranayama session as its balancing and purifying effects form the basis for successful pranayama. Mter practising pranayama, one may lie down in shavasana for a few minutes.

Sitting position: A comfortable, sustainable meditation posture is necessary to enable efficient breathing and body steadiness during the practice. Siddha/siddha yoni asana or padmasana are the best postures for pranayama. The body should be as relaxed as possible throughout the practice with the spine, neck and head erect. Sit on a folded blanket or cloth of natural fibre to ensure the maximum conduction of energy during the practice. Those who cannot sit in a meditation posture may sit against a wall with the legs outstretched or in a chair which has a straight back.

Avoid strain:

With all pranayama practices, it is important to remember that the instruction not to strain, not to try to increase your capacity too fast, applies just as it does to asana practice. If one is advised to practise a pranayama technique until it is mastered, and it can be practised without any strain or dicomfort, it is wise to follow that instruction before moving on to a more advanced practice or ratio. Furthermore, breath retention should only be practised for as long as is comfortable.

The lungs are very delicate organs and any misuse can easily cause them injury. Not only the physical body, but also the mental and emotional aspects of the personality and need time to adjust. Never strain in any way.

Side effects:

Various symptoms may manifest in normally healthy people. These are caused by the process of purification and the expulsion of toxins. Sensations of itching, tingling, heat or cold, and feelings of lightness or heaviness may occur.

Such experiences are generally temporary, but if they persist, check with a competent teacher. Energy levels may increase or fluctuate; interests may change. If such changes cause difficulty in lifestyle, decrease or stop the practice until a competent teacher or guru gives guidance.

I cannot explain here all the health and scientifically proven benefits of pranayama. And what pranayama is practiced to improve or cure diseases. That will be the subject of another article.

I am always here to help you in your practice, ask me your questions or book a one-one with me if you want to learn, make your health the priority. and if you want to develop your skills.

Be safe, be love and nice.

Nadi shodana practiced by a saddhu in Varanasi – India

References:

Exploring the Therapeutic Benefits of Pranayama (Yogic Breathing): A Systematic Review

Exploring the therapeutic effects of yoga and its ability to increase quality of life

Effects of various Praáč‡ayama on cardiovascular and autonomic variables. 

Sudarshan Kriya Yogic breathing in the treatment of stress, anxiety, and depression. Part II–clinical applications and guidelines

Effect of Sheetali pranayama on cardiac autonomic function among patients with primary hypertension – A randomized controlled trial

Immediate effect of Kapalbhathi pranayama on short term heart rate variability (HRV) in healthy volunteers

Yoga breathing, meditation, and longevity

Effect of pranayama breathing technique on asthma control, pulmonary function, and quality of life: A single-blind, randomized, controlled trial

Effects of Yoga Respiratory Practice ( Bhastrika pranayama) on Anxiety, Affect, and Brain Functional Connectivity and Activity: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Ghee and Health Benefits

Ghee is the one to add to your kitchen for its health benefits

The health benefits of ghee is not any more to prove. Among the four types of oily material, ghee is the best one in Ayurveda, because of its power to assimilate effectively the properties of the ingredients added to it without losing its own properties.

Ghee contains 4 important fats

Ghee is one of what we call the Maha Snehas: the four main fats.

Ayurveda describs four types of fats suitable for human consumption.

Ghee – made of cow, or goat, or buffalo … Cow ghee is considered as the best (Ashtanga Hrudaya Sutrasthana 16th chapter).

Oil – Sesame oil, Mustard oil, Coconut oil, etc.

Animal fat

Bone marrow of animals.

Cow ghee is sweet in taste and hence liked by many people. Like every week, I prepare my ghee for the week, look at this beautiful color!

I can tell you that my intestines appreciate it and since I consume it I have no more problems of digestion and transit…

The benefits of ghee :

1kg of unsalted butter and you make 4 pots of ghee

Beneficial for our intestines: participates in rebalancing the intestinal mucosa, particularly interesting property for small sensitive bellies with intestinal inflammation.

Because we extract fat soluble active principles to make use of therapeutic values of ghee.

Ghee is able to:

  • Enhance the shelf life of the preparation
  • To enhance the medicine absorption.
  • To make the preparation more palatable.

Regulatory action on our transit:

On those with a slow transit, it acts as a support with a slight action of “soft laxative”, anti-inflammatory action will come to calm an inflammatory state, and strengthen the tissues of the intestinal wall

Personally, ghee has helped me enormously with unavoidable revelation of active properties

The incorporation of ghee in our cooking increases the absorption of the active properties of these ingredients.

Ghee is thus considered an excellent carrier of the active properties of the herbs, spices and plants used.

A global digestive support

According to Ayurvedic teachings, ghee has a regulating action on our digestive fire (also called “Agni”) on the three “doshas”: it helps to calm Pitta (whose digestive fire tends to be in excess), while it soothes Vata (whose digestive fire tends to be the opposite), while being relatively neutral for Kapha.

Ghee also has a supportive effect on our digestive system, which indirectly increases our ability to assimilate micronutrients from our food (what our body will “retain” from the digestive process).

As it no longer contains casein or lactose, milk intolerant people digest it extremely well. Interesting content of fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E and K

Vitamin A is important for our eyes: a regular consumption of ghee will contribute to the good functioning of our retina, will facilitate the adaptation of our eyes to the darkness, and will contribute to prevent ocular imbalances (glaucoma, cataract and other degenerations…).

Vitamins D and K are precious for our nervous system and our bones.

Vitamin E has a very powerful anti-oxidant action, and therefore helps to fight and slow down oxidative processes (physiologically normal, like our aging.

Contributes to support our immune system

its actions will be reinforced within the framework of adapted holistic habits (healthy diet, emotional management, etc…)

Beneficial for our brain clarity

According to Ayurvedic teachings, ghee is extremely interesting for people with “excess Vata” which often manifests itself (emotionally/psychologically) by a cerebral hyperstimulation: sleep disorders, mental dispersion/difficulty to concentrate and to carry out a project.

A daily consumption on the medium and long term, would thus help to stabilize our mental, and to anchor the people concerned.

Promotes the vitality of our body

The best ally for our cooking

All fats (oil, butter, margarine) have a “smoke point”: which designates the limit from which we can cook (heat) with a given fat… before its molecular structure is modified (under the action of heat), and becomes harmful.

Of all the quality oils and fats, ghee is the most stable fat.

Its chemical structure allows a very high smoke point (250°C), making ghee the most interesting fat for cooking our food.

It can also be used in pastries instead of butter (which should never be cooked).

 we keeps it for a long time.

Water content of a food makes it fragile to conservation, and can make it turn (initiate the oxidation process).

The absence of water in ghee (due to its manufacturing process) allows a long conservation, without fear of seeing it go rancid.

There is no need to keep it in the refrigerator (its properties would even be diminished!): it keeps wonderfully, for several months, at room temperature, in an airtight jar.

A little more, if we use it on our toast: it will be easier to spread on our slices of bread.

Its good little taste: ghee has a subtle nutty flavor, with a soft and smooth texture.

It goes equally well with salty and sweet foods.

The different uses of ghee

  • Karnapoorana: ear drops
  • Nasya :Nose drops
  • Massage (Shata Dhauta Ghrita for reducing internal bleeding and burning sensation,
  • Jatyadi Ghrita: to heal wounds faster
  • Hair care
  • Enema

How we make ghee?

Slowly melt butter and remove the white foam

Cow’s milk collected from a healthy cow treated with love and like a mother. Free of hormones, bad feeding and other awful conditions that we can see in industrial animal factory.

Cow’s milk is boiled to ensure that the milk is free from bacteria and is safe for consumption.

Once the milk has cooled down, a spoonful of curd is added to it and stirred gently. Store this mix in a warm place overnight. Once the curd is set, place it in a cool place before the churning process. The curd thus formed is churned using a wooden churner. During this process, the curd separates into butter and buttermilk. This butter which gets collected at the top of the vessel is collected and heated in a pan over medium flame. The butter has to boil till the entire water content evaporates and there is a visible layer of solids at the bottom of the pan. This ghee is filtered and stored in a dry, air-tight container.

Traditional Method 1

  • The milk is boiled first
  • Then cooled,
  • Set it to curdle
  • Then churned to extract butter
  • Butter is heated to get ghee.

Traditional Method 2

  • The milk is boiled first
  • The cream part is separated and collected.
  • Then churned to extract butter.
  • The day before ghee preparation, the butter is added with a tablespoon of curd for fermentation.
  • The next day, the fermented butter is heated to get ghee.

Western method of preparation of clarified butter (ghee)

  • Collect the cream from milk.
  • Heat it to prepare ghee.

Here the recipe

 Why to we add curd in ghee’s preparation

In the first method, the curd is prepared first with fermentation, then butter, then ghee.

In the second method, the fermentation to the milk cream is done just a day before.

Ghee prepared with fermentation process is less Kapha increasing. Hence, contributes less to cholesterol. It is also easier and light to digest.

Effect of Ghee on Doshas and body tissues

Ghee is sweet, soft, cold in potency, slightly coating, brings about oleation, effective in flatulence, psychiatric disorders, epilepsy, abdominal colic and fullness and fever. It mitigates Vata and Pitta. Ghee improves digestive fire, memory, intelligence, voice, lustre, skin softness, immunity, strength, lifespan, eye strength. It acts as an aphrodisiac, relieves sins, poverty, toxicity and evil spirits. In conditions involving Vata vitiation, Ghee is to be drunk.

Due to its cold property, ghee mitigates Pitta, due to oiliness it mitigates Vata and due to processing with other medicinal herbs, it mitigates Kapha. Among all the medicines to mitigate aggravated Vata and Pitta, ghee is best. Upon consuming ghee routinely, ghee wins over Pitta due to sweet, cold and mildness, which are against the qualities of Pitta. Drinking ghee relieves the colic pain of Pitta origin. Ghee suits to those, aspiring intelligence and good memory power. Ghee is a great antitoxic substance.

it improves digestive power. In the disorders occurring due to suppression of hunger, ghee should be taken at the beginning and at the end of meals.

Oil is heavier to digest when compared to ghee.

When Pitta alone is involved in a disease process, then ghee should not be administered, especially so in Ama condition.

Bottling and storage

Bottling and storage are very important, care should be taken to increase the shelf life of the Ghee.

Bottles should be cleaned properly, dried and sterilized in order to prevent rancidity.

Usually, glass bottles are used. Nowadays plastic containers are also used for easy handling. Plastic containers should be selected in such a way that it should not react or change the quality of Ghee.

References

The effect of ghee (clarified butter) on serum lipid levels and microsomal lipid peroxidation

Comparison between the Effect of Cow Ghee and Butter on Memory and Lipid Profile of Wistar Rats

Ghee : Its Properties, Importance and Health Benefits

Health benefits of ghee (clarified butter) – A review from ayurvedic perspective

Chemical, physicochemical, microbiological and sensory characterization of cow and buffalo ghee

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